2001,view from the River Lagan
close to the Ormeau Bridge.
The notice reads:
Nanotechnology Workshop, Sofia, Nov
Rain and wind
the whole of Western Europe seemingly for months on end, while the
were privilege to the sunniest autumnal months of the Continent. Sofia,
Bulgaria was host to an informative two days of lectures and
on the latest developments in nanoscience and technology featuring a
representation from BAS and Sofia University as well as the USSR and
with invited speakers from the West.
The workshop included presentations on
synthesis and processing with respect to optical, magnetic,
chemical and mechanical properties of materials. Applications
a wide range of topics from batteries to microelectronics and sensors.
||Silicon atoms bonding at the
junction of two
wafer surfaces brought together, (see NISRC
for wafer-bonding services).
and lecturer in High Vacuum Science and Technology.
Queen's University of Belfast
in thin film deposition, ion beam technology,
phenomena in high vacuum and low-pressure systems.
Ireland Semiconductor Research Centre
of Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Building, Belfast BT9 5AH, UK
+44 (0)28 90329632/90274084
+44 (0)28 90963595/90667023
of participants continue to increase indicating the popularity of this
Polish conference on ion beams and related material science.
to be published in Vacuum
research is producing ultra-thin silicon on silicide (SSOI) using
technology (H implantation), with silicon wafer-bonding. Of
interest is the reduction of cross-talk achieved by locating the
layer underneath the insulating oxide layer. Applications include high
speed digital circuits and high frequency low noise analogue circuits
the same chip using a ground plane that effectively pins the
potential producing a major reduction in cross-talk.
participating in a SILICON-GERMANIUM collaborative programme to develop
heterojunction bipolar transistors (HBTs). Funded by EPSRC (UK), other
Universities involved in the project include Southampton, Liverpool,
and Imperial College (report: Electronics Weekly, 22/11/2000).
for a 300mm fab include copper wiring, SOI, low-k dielectrics and line
widths below 100nm. Production expected 2003.
latest on Silicon wafer bonding was discussed at the 6th
Int. Symposium in San Francisco (ECS Int. Meeting), Sept 2001.
was a important topic with thin layers of high quality silicon being
by methods as diverse as the explosion of implanted hydrogen bubbles to
slicing with high-pressure water jets, or just old-fashioned etching.
to say all these methods need a final smoothing process, either
or hydrogen annealing.
'Stone Forest,' a remarkable
from 50 million years ago, situated 18km west of Varna and well worth a
Stone Forest (Pobitite
There have been many theories, but
currently it is believed
that these carbonate - cemented sandstone structures were formed due to
microbial methane oxidation around natural gas seepages - so called
reefs". The cementation occurred in the sub-bottom marine sands some 50
million years ago and now are exposed by subsequent erosion of the
unconsolidated sediments and vertical tectonic movements of the earth
2003 13th International Summer School on Vacuum, Electron and Ion
15/09/03 - 19/09/03. First Announcement
Twelfth International Summer School, Varna,
Bulgaria (17-21 Sept)
Bulgaria was host to
a wealth of interesting papers and talk on Vacuum, Electron and Ion
The appalling events in America prevented the attendance of the North
speakers, a significant loss to the school program. The main emphasis
applications, especially thin films including hard coatings and
(proceedings to be published in Vacuum).
after Nanotechnology in Sozopol, Bulgaria, 2004.
Bon Dia! As
silicon wafer bonding scientists and engineers prepare for the ECS
Paris conference in 2003, they can look back to the delights of the
Autumn 2002 Workshop session in Barcelona, famous for its pickpockets,
seafood and Gaudi. Substantial emphasis on low temperature bonding for
MEMS, layer transfer, polymer substrates (for the flexible
with plasma processing seemingly now the standard treatment for bond
(but can the particles be eliminated for good yield?). We look forward
to the Paris meeting.
Joint International Meeting included the 200th meeting of the ECS
It was an occasion for an expensive banquet for those on generous
accounts. It has to be said there were some grim expressions amongst
when the wine-waiter failed to appear...? You guessed right; it was a
of 'if you want a drink with your meal, then buy it yourself,' from a
bar! After an evening of self-service courses, the tables were cleared
in no uncertain fashion by the Hilton staff anxious to get off duty.
the technical program was of higher standard. Report
scientists desperate plea to the new Prime Minister (ex-King Simeon II)for
resources to keep science and technology alive in Bulgaria. Currently
have to travel abroad to read the literature. Equipment and consumables
could be a little
closer with DERA's new record in transmitting quantum
keys (Electronics Weekly, 04/04/2001). Information is encoded on
polarisation states of individual photons; its impressive and using
will be used for secure communication between Governments. The
Governments of course that demand the right to monitor every facet of
his European tour, rumours persist in Ireland of Intel laying off
numbers of staff. Has the downturn in the semiconductor industry
in Varna visit the Archaeological
Museum in the centre of town, formerly a quite splendid girls' high
school, (in those days with red carpet ascending wide majestic stairs
the Principal's inner sanctum). Here lies the 'oldest gold in the
suggesting an independent civilisation in Bulgaria some 6000 years ago.
adorned with gold
ornaments, (Varna Arch.
Moody of Computer Weekly suggests the use of the hyperlink on web-sites
may be under threat after a recent US ruling concerning DVD copyright,
(DeCSS case).This and other recent rulings from US judges on copyright
matters related to the Internet have quite serious implications for
is a starting point to explore civil liberties issues on the net and
to some interesting legal cases in recent years.
is Broadband working out for you?
in the road it should be brilliant, but the truth is that without
switching, optical fibre networks are severely limited in performance.
Packet-level optical switching could be ten years away!
Electronics Weekly Archives.
prototype of new transistor belonging to the world of
(CNET Dec 10, 5:30 pm PT). A CD of 30 nm allows chips containing 400
transistors to run at 10 GHz on <1V. Production expected in five
with applications in real-time language translation and speech
the downturn in the global chip market will not come until the end of
and in the meantime plans a new Euro 2bn fab capable of 0.12 and 0.10
processes. The 0.12 micron process is currently under joint development
with STMicroelectronics at Crolles, France. Chip geometries below 0.1
require lithography at 157 nm with resolution enhancement; ASML expects
to deliver tools by 2003.Latest news at: