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Authors preparing manuscripts for submission to the journal Vacuum should follow these instructions from Elsevier Science. (Further details can be accessed at http://www.elsevier.nl/locate/vacuum)

General: All manuscripts should be typewritten in good English. The paper copies
of the text should be prepared with double line spacing and wide margins, on
numbered sheets. Good quality printouts with a font size of 12 or 10 pt are
required. The corresponding author should be identified (include a Fax number and
E-mail address). Full postal addresses must be given for all co-authors. Authors
should consult a recent issue of the journal for style if possible. An electronic copy
of the paper should accompany the final version. The Editors reserve the right to
adjust style to certain standards of uniformity. Authors should retain a copy of their
manuscript since we cannot accept responsibility for damage or loss of papers.
Original manuscripts are discarded one month after publication unless the Publisher
is asked to return original material after use. 

Abstracts: Papers should include an abstract, not exceeding 200 words, in which
the main points of the paper are summarized.
Keywords: Authors are requested to supply a maximum of eight keywords
accurately describing the contents of the manuscript.
Text: Follow this order when typing manuscripts: Title, Authors, Affiliations,
Abstract, Keywords, Main text, Acknowledgements, Appendix, References,
Vitae, Figure Captions and then Tables. Do not import the Figures or Tables into
your text. The corresponding author should be identified with an asterisk and
footnote. All other footnotes (except for table footnotes) should be identified with
superscript Arabic numbers. 
Units: All abbreviations should conform to the style of SI units but in addition to
the Pascal, pressure may also be given in bar (bar) or millibar (mbar).
Symbols: Letters to be set in Greek type should be clearly indicated. This may be
done by writing, for instance, the words 'Greek rho' in the margin the first time a
rho is used. Equations and formulae should be clearly and carefully written, taking
care to have all the figures and symbols, especially in fractions and equations, in the
alignment in which they are to be printed.
Maths: Confusion between the letter I and the numeral 1 when standing alone can
be avoided by looping the letter when typewritten. Similar differentiation between
the letter O and zero 0 is advisable. Subscripts and superscripts should be clearly
indicated. Primes (as p' ) should be written or identified so that they will not be
interpreted as a superior figure 1 (p1). Exponential expressions which are at all
complicated (e.g. exponentials with subscripts to superscript letters) should be
given in the form 'exp ()', except where it would be less clear mathematically. It
would be helpful to have a third set of any structural formulae attached. The solidus
can often be used in mathematical expressions and in expressions involving multiple
References: All publications cited in the text should be presented in a list of
references following the text of the manuscript. In the text refer to references by a
number in square brackets on the line (e.g. Since Ristoiu [1]), and the full reference
should be given in a numerical list at the end of the paper. 
References should be given in the following form:

1. Ristoiu D, Cosma C, Voros A, Ristoiu T. Vacuum 1998;50:359-362.

2. Gerblinger J, Meixner H. J Appl Phys 1993;67:

3. Sze SM.The physics of semiconductor devices. New York: Wiley,1981. p.

Illustrations: All illustrations should be provided in camera-ready form, suitable
for reproduction (which may include reduction) without retouching. Photographs,
charts and diagrams are all to be referred to as "Figure(s)" and should be
numbered consecutively in the order to which they are referred. They should
accompany the manuscript, but should not be included within the text. All
illustrations should be clearly marked on the back with the figure number and the
author's name. All figures are to have a caption. Captions should be supplied on a
separate sheet.
Line drawings: Good quality printouts on white paper produced in black ink are
required. All lettering, graph lines and points on graphs should be sufficiently large
and bold to permit reproduction when the diagram has been reduced to a size
suitable for inclusion in the journal. Dye-line prints or photocopies are not suitable
for reproduction. Do not use any type of shading on computer-generated
Photographs: Original photographs must be supplied as they are to be
reproduced (e.g. black and white or colour). If necessary, a scale should be
marked on the photograph. Please note that photocopies of photographs are not
Colour: The normal policy for colour halftones is that these are charged, but
exceptions will be made at the discretion of the Editor if these halftones are judged
essential. In case of charging, the author will be asked to bear part of the extra
costs involved. Further information is available from the Author Services
Department (for contact details see below).

Tables: Tables should be numbered consecutively and given a suitable caption
and each table typed on a separate sheet. Footnotes to tables should be typed
below the table and should be referred to by superscript lowercase letters. No
vertical rules should be used. Tables should not duplicate results presented
elsewhere in the manuscript, (e.g. in graphs).

Electronic Submission
The publisher requires an electronic version of your accepted manuscript. If there
is not already a copy of this (on disk) with the journal editor at the time the
manuscript is being refereed, you will be asked to send a file with the text of the
revised manuscript. All major text processing packages can be handled, but text in
either Word or WordPerfect is preferred. As to formats, both MS-DOS and
Macintosh formatted disks can be handled. Please note that no deviations from the
version accepted by the editor of the journal are permissible without the prior and
explicit approval by the editor. Such changes should be clearly indicated on an
accompanying printout of the file. In case discrepancies between hardcopy and
electronic text are found by the publisher, the hardcopy version of the manuscript
will be used (scanned) in all cases. Full details of electronic submission and other
formats can be obtained from http://www.elsevier.nl/locate/disksub or from the
Author Services Department at Elsevier Science. Also authors wishing to make
use of LaTex and would like to obtain style files are requested to contact this
Department (for contact details see below).

Proofs will be sent to the author (first named author if no corresponding author is
identified of multi-authored papers) and should be returned within 48 hours of
receipt. Corrections should be restricted to typesetting errors; any others may be
charged to the author. Any queries should be answered in full. Please note that
authors are urged to check their proofs carefully before return, since the inclusion
of late corrections cannot be guaranteed. Proofs are to be returned to the Log-in
Department, Elsevier Science, Stover Court, Bampfylde Street, Exeter, Devon

Twenty-five offprints will be supplied free of charge. Additional offprints and
copies of the issue can be ordered at a specially reduced rate using the order form
sent to the corresponding author after the manuscript has been accepted. Orders
for reprints (produced after publication of an article) will incur a 50% surcharge.

All authors must sign the "Transfer of Copyright" agreement before the article can
be published. This transfer agreement enables Elsevier Science Ltd to protect the
copyrighted material for the authors, without the author relinquishing his/her
proprietary rights. The copyright transfer covers the exclusive rights to reproduce
and distribute the article, including reprints, photographic reproductions, microfilm
or any other reproductions of a similar nature, and translations. It also includes the
right to adapt the article for use in conjunction with computer systems and
programs, including reproduction or publication in machine-readable form and
incorporation in retrieval systems. Authors are responsible for obtaining from the
copyright holder permission to reproduce any material for which copyright already